This part of the blog is concerned with the important things with females. so,  most of the articles to be featured in this corner, ladies only, will be about the common things that a female must be aware of in particular.

so, why is breast examination important?

There has been an increased number of cases reportedly concerned with breast cancer and menstrual irregularities, so in a way it is essential that one learn the basic things concerned with self examination of breast.

Breast development is usually a sign that a girl is entering puberty. Most girls’ breasts start to develop before their first periods. During puberty, every girl’s breasts go through regular changes. As you grow and develop, you may notice small lumps and other changes in your breasts, and during your period, you may find your breasts are sensitive and tender. Most of these developments are totally normal. Getting into the habit of examining your breasts when you’re still in your teens can help you get used to your normal breast changes. When you become familiar with how they feel, it will be easier to recognize anything unusual. so, it is adviced that once  take a few minutes every once in a while, to get the self examination done.

BSE, helps in identifying cysts or other benign (noncancerous) breast problems between checkups. It can also help some women detect breast cancer — a disease that’s extremely rare among teens. It’s easy to perform a breast self-examination, and it only takes a few minutes.

The best time to do breast examination

It’s a good idea to examine your breasts once a month, and it makes sense to choose the same time each month because breasts usually change with the menstrual cycle. The best time to do a BSE  is about a week after your period starts. If your menstrual cycle is irregular or you are at menopause or have undergone hysterectomy (removal of uterus) do the examination at the day of a month you can best remember. women who are breast feeding or are pregnant can continue to examine their breast once in a month. it is adviced for lactating mother’s to do breast examination after feeding or after doing a breast pump, so that there be very little milk inside, so that examination is easier and comfortable.

To do a breast self-examination, remove all your clothes above the waist and lie down. The examination is done while lying down so your breast tissue spreads evenly over your chest wall and is as thin as possible, making it much easier to feel all your breast tissue.

Use the pads of the three middle fingers of your left hand to check your right breast.keep the right hand behind the head.  Move your fingers slowly in small coin-sized circles.

Use three different levels of pressure to feel all of your breast tissue. Light pressure is needed to feel the tissue close to the  surface. Medium pressure is used to feel a little deeper, and firm pressure is used to feel your tissue close to your breastbone and ribs. A firm ridge in the lower curve of each breast is normal. Use each pressure level to feel your breast tissue before moving on to the next spot. Check your entire breast using a lengthwise strip pattern. Feel all of the tissue from the collarbone to the bra line and from the armpit to the breastbone. Start in the armpit and work down to the bottom of the bra line. Move one finger-width toward the middle and work up to the collarbone. Repeat until you have covered the entire breast. Repeat this procedure for your left breast.

This can also be done standing in front of a mirror. always make sure to note

1.what your breast look like

2.what your breast feel like

Before you put on a bra, stand or sit in front of a mirror with your arms relaxed at your sides. Look at your breasts carefully. Do you see anything unusual, like a change in the way your nipples look? Any dimples or changes in the skin?

Then look at yourself from different angles and arm positions. Keep your hands at your sides, raise your arms overhead, place your hands firmly on your hips (to tighten your chest wall muscles), and bend forward. Watch for dimples or changes in the skin. Everyone’s breasts look different. Get to know what yours look like.

some advice it easier to examine the breast in shower. this is because the soap and water helps in the handling easy.

When you have covered the entire breast, use your finger and thumb to gently squeeze your nipple, watching for any discharge. Then put your left arm behind your head and check your left breast the same way.

Most lumps and bumps are usual and remember each breasts are unique. If your breasts are tender because your menstrual period is about to begin, a BSE may cause slight discomfort when you press on your breasts to feel for lumps.

Breast cancer is rarely seen in teenager’s. In fact, among teen girls, the most common type of breast lump is usually related to normal breast growth and development. Other common conditions can cause a breast lump, such as a noncancerous growth known as a fibroadenoma and small, fluid-filled cysts that tend to vary in size with a girl’s menstrual cycle and are called fibrocystic breast changes.

Fibrocystic breast changes are common. In fact more than half of all women have them. They’re related to the normal cycling of hormones associated with menstruation. Fibrocystic breast changes are typically worse just before and at the start of a girl’s period. so, if you doubt you have any of the problem associated it is adviced that you consult a doctor and undergo a clical breast examination.

Infections can also cause breast lumps, as can an injury to the breast.

If you have any of these problems, you should talk to your doctor:

  • pain in your breast that seems unrelated to your period
  • a new lump, bump, or other change in your breast
  • a red, hot, or swollen breast
  • fluid or bloody discharge from your nipple
  • a lump in your armpit

A mammogram , biopsy or ultrasound may be required in certain patients.

Reasons why the results may not be helpful include:

  • Changes in your breasts or breast tenderness that occur during your menstrual cycle.
  • Examining your breasts at different times in your menstrual cycle. This may make it difficult to compare results of one examination with those of another.
  • Having fibrocystic lumps. These may make a breast self-examination difficult because lumps occur throughout the breast. The fibrocystic lumps can also become tender before your menstrual cycle.

hope this part of the article was of any help for you.

do let me know your remarks and stay healthy.

THank you for reading and God bless you…

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